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Former Presidents /Prsidents antrieur

 

           

: 1962 1967 :

1917.

1929   1936 .          

.

/ .

5 / 1967 /   1981 .

5 / 1994.

 


 

Marchal : Abdulah Yahya Al-Salal (1962-1967)

 

He was born in Shasan village, Sanhan District , Sanaa city in 1917 and joined  an orphanage in 1929. After he graduated from high school, he traveled to Iraq in a military expedition in 1936. He also participated in the phase of national struggling and was held as a prisoner several times.

He was chosen by the liberated soldiers organization to be the leader for September Revolution to become the first president in the North Republic of Yemen.

On the fifth of November 1967, he was brought down in a bloodless coup during his visit to Iraq. Afterwards he moved to settle in Egypt. In September 1981, the president Ali Abdulah Saleh has decided to return him back to Yemen with Al- Eryani judge.

He died in Sanaa on the fifth of March in 1994.

 


 

Il vit le jour dans le village de Shasan (district de Sanhan) en 1917 et est plac dans un orphelinat en 1929.

Aprs avoir obtenu son diplme dtudes secondaires il particpe une expdition militaire en Irak en 1936. Il prend part aux combats et est fait prisonnier plusieurs reprises.

Il sera choisi par lorganisation librale des soldats comme chef de la rvolution de septembre et deviendra le premier prsident de la rpublique arabe du Ymen le 5 novembre 1967.

Il perd le pouvoir lors dun coup sanglant alors quil est en visite en Irak.

En septembre 1981, le prsident Ali Abdullah Saleh dcide de le laisser revenir au Ymen en mme temps que le cadi Al - Eryani.

Il meurt Sanaa en 1994.

  


 

:   1967 1974 :

  1910.

. 1962 . .

13 / 1974.

14 / 1998   / 1981.

 


 

 Judge : Abdulrahman Al- Eryani (1967-1974)

He was born in Eryan Fort of Ibb City in 1910. He was a religious and a political leader. After being a member of Revolutionary Command Council in 1962, he became the minister of justice. He participated in the phase of national struggling against emanate and was jailed.

On the thirteenth of June 1974, he was brought down in a bloodless coup.

Although he returned back to Yemen in September 1981, he lived and died in

Damascus on the fourteenth of March 1998.

 


 

N en 1910 au fort dEryan Ibb. Chef religieux et chef politique.

Aprs avoir t membre du Conseil de Commandement Rvolutionnaire en 1962, il est nomm ministre de la justice. Il a pris part la phase initiale de la lutte contre lImam ce qui lui a valu dtre jet en prison.

Le 13 juin 1974 il est dpos dans un coup dtat sans effusion de sang et exil Damas en Syrie. Bien quil soit revenu au Ymen en septembre 1981, il a pass la majeure partie du reste de son existence Damas (Syrie) o il est dcd le 14 mars 1998.

 

 


 

: 1974 1977 :

  1943 - ( 1948-1962) ɡ .

1972 ɡ ɡ 13/6/1974 ( ).

  . ] [.

/ 1975 .

11/10/1977 .

 


 

Lieutenant Colonel : Ibrahim Mohammed Al-Hamdi (1974-1977)

He was born in Qatbah of Ibb City in 1943, studied in a military institute in the period of rule of Ahmed Yehya Hameed Adeen ( The ruler of Yemen from 1948 to 1962) and became the leader of commandos in Al-Salal period of rule. After that, he was in charge of the eastern, western and median districts.

In 1972, he became the deputy of the prime minister in the internal affairs. Then he was nominated the deputy of the higher commander of the armed forces.

On the thirteenth of June 1974 he staged a bloodless coup (He farewelled the president Eryani at the Airport to Damascus that is the city he chose to live with his family)

and possessed alone a self-governed policy that differs from Saudi Arabia and against tribes inside Yemen.

He staged the coup when he was a colonel. Later, he made a decision to demote all military ranks to lieutenant colonels. In the beginning of the Lebanese Civil War in 1975, he has been asked to hold an urgent Arab summit meeting as the Arabian Restraint Force Formation has suggested.

While he was traveling as the first northern president to the south in the evening to announce some unionism steps, he got killed in mysterious conditions on the eleventh of October 1977.


 

 Il voit le jour Qatbah, dans les environs de Ibb en 1943.

A tudi lInstitut militaire durant le rgne de lImam Ahmed Yehya Hameed Adeen (souverain du Ymen de 1948 1962) avant de devenir le chef des commandosdurant le rgne du marchal Salal. Plus tard il fut responsable des territoires de lEst, du Centre et de lOuest du Ymen.

En 1972, il devient vice ministre de lIntrieur avant dtre nomm vice commandant en chef des forces armes.

Le 13 juin 1974, il prend le pouvoir dans un coup dtat sans effusion de sang (Il  adieu le Prsident Eryani l'aroport vers Damas qui est la ville quil a choisi de vivre avec sa famille) et entame une politique personnelle qui lcarte de lArabie Saoudite et loppose au tribus du Ymen.

Lors du coup dtat, il tait colonel mais dcide plus tard de ramener ce grade celui de lieutenant colonel.

Au dbut de la guerre civile au Liban en 1975, il lui est demand de runir durgence un sommet arabe comme le suggre la formation de la force arabe de contrle.

Il annonce les premiers pas de la runification alors quil se rend en visite au sud Ymen.

Il est assassin dans de mystrieuses conditions le 11 octobre 1977.

 

 


 

: 1977 1978 :

  ] [ 1941.

̡ .

13/6/1974 ( ).

24/6/1978.

 


 

Lieutenant Colonel :Ahmed Hussein Al- Ghashmi (1977-1978)

 He was born in Thelaa Hamdan one of Sanaa suburbs in 1941.

After September Revolution, he joined the military forces and operated military tasks as the chief of staff in battalion war and as a leader in the eastern and western centers.

He played and important role in Correction Organization in 1974 and was in the power as the chief of staff. Then he became the vice-president.

On the twenty fourth of June 1978 he was assassinated in his office with a trapped letter, which was delivered by a special messenger from the one who was in charge of the southern part of Yemen.

 


N dans le quartier de Thelaa Hamdan, banlieue de Sanaa en 1941.

Aprs la rvolution de septembre, il rejoint les forces armes et poursuivit une carrire militaire comme chef dtat Major dans un bataillon et commandant des secteurs Est et Ouest. Il a jou un rle important dans lorganisation du mouvement de correction de 1974 en tant que chef dtat-major, avant de devenir vice-prsident de la rpublique.

Il est assassin le 24 juin 1978 par un messager spcial de la rpublique populaire et dmocratique du sud Ymen qui lui remet une lettre pige.

 

 


 

  1967 1969 :

1920

  ɡ 1955 . 1958 1960 1963 .

/ 1967 .

  .

22 / 1969 .

1982.

 


 

Qahtan Al-Shaabi ( 1967-1969)

A political Yemeni, who was born in Lahj in 1920, worked in Ministry of Agriculture for several years. He became the responsible man of lands management in 1955. Three years later, he joined the struggling against British Colonization and was a member of the Arab Southern Committee. He resigned in 1960 and founded the National Front to liberate the occupied south. In 1962, he was Al-Salals unity affairs consultant. One year later, he started armed struggling.

In 1967, he was at the head of Yemeni delegation to Geneva conversations which aimed to present independence. At the same time he became the first president of Yemen and also the higher commander of the Yemeni army.

On the twenty second of June 1969, he was deposed and put under house arrest.

In 1982, he died in Aden.


 

Leader politique ymnite n Lahej en 1920. Exera les fonctions de ministre de lagriculture pendant plusieurs annes.

Devint le responsable de lamnagement du territoire en 1955. Trois ans plus tard, il rejoint le mouvement de lutte contre loccupation britannique et devient membre du comit dArabie du Sud. Il dmissionne en 1960 et fonde le Front National de Libration du Sud Ymen. En 1962, il tait consultant du prsident Salal; pour les affiares relatives lunification. Un an plus tard il commena la lutte arme.

En 1967, il mena les ngociations de Genve qui menrent lindpendance du sud Ymen. Au mme moment il accde la premire prsidence du Ymen et devient commandant en chef  des armes du Ymen.

Le 22 juin 1969, il est dpos et mis aux arrts. Il mourra Aden en 1982.

 


 

: 1969 1978 :

  1935 .

.

  .

  1969.

.

1978 ɡ   .

 


 

Salem Robaae Ali : (1969-1978)

He was born in Abyan in 1935, studied in Aden and worked as a tutor. He was a lawyer, though. In late 1950s he joined National Youth Organization. He was also a member of the leadership of National Front and participated as a leader in National Front activities to liberate the occupied south in Yemen. In 1969, he became the president of the Presidential Council

The unionism discussions have began in his period of rule aiming to unite the south and north of Yemen.

In 1978, he was accused of managing a conspiracy to topple the authority and assassinating the president Al-Ghashmi. As a consequence he has been executed in Aden with a group of his supporters after they have been defeated in a short armed confrontation with Abdulfatah group.

 


 

 N Abyan en 1935, tudie Aden et travaille comme rptiteur. Il devient avocat. À la fin des annes 50, il rejoint lorganisation nationale de la jeunesse. Il devient galement membre directeur du front national et participe en tant que responsable aux activits du front national pour librer le sud Ymen occup. En 1969, il devient prsident du conseil prsidentiel.

Les discussions sur la runification des deux Ymen ont commenc sous sa prsidence.

En 1978, il est accus davoir pris part la conspiration qui a men lassassinat du prsident Al Ghashmi. Ces allgations sont suivies dune confrontation arme avec le groupe dAbdulfatah qui prend le dessus et lexcute avec ses partisans.

 


 

  : 1978 1980 :

  1939 .

ǡ 1957.

  1959 .

1964 1965 1967 ( )

1969 . 1975.

1969.

1971 .

1978 .

/ 1980 ɡ 13 / 1986 .

 


 

Abdulfatah Ismail : (1978-1980)

He was born in Aden in 1939. He completed his elementary study and started his career in a school in the south.

In 1957, he worked for a British oil company. In addition, he joined the National Front to liberate the southern part of Yemen from British occupation. In 1964, he became in charge of the military and political activities of the Front in Aden. After one year, he has been tested as a member in the National Executive Committee in 1965. After the independence in 1997, he was nominated the Minister of Culture, Minister of National Guidance and responsible of union matters in the southern part (He has never visited the north) In 1969, he has been elected to be the Fronts secretary-general. Still in his position until 1975.

In 1969, he became a member of the Presidential Council.

In 1971, he became a temporary chairman of Peoples Council.

In 1978, he was assigned to be a chairman of the Presidential Council and to be the socialistic partys secretary-general, which replaced National Front.

In April 1980, he resigned from all his tasks ostensibly for health reasons.

After five years of living in exile in the former Soviet Union he was permitted to return back and practice his usual political activities. He disappeared in mysterious conditions during the events of the thirteenth of January 1986.

 


 

Il voit le jour Aden en 1939. Il termine ses tudes lmentaires et dbute une carrire dans lenseignement dans une cole du sud.

Il travaille en 1957 pour une compagnie ptrolire britannique tout en adhrant au front national de libration du sud Ymen contre loccupation anglaise. En 1964, il devient responsable des activits militaires et politiques du Front Aden. Un an plus tard, en 1965, il est mis lessai comme membre du comit excutif national.

Aprs lindpendance en 1967, il est nomm ministre de la culture, ministre de lorientation nationale et responsable des questions de lunification dans le sud (il na jamais visit le nord). En 1969, il est lu secrtaire gnral du front, charge quil assumera jusquen 1975.

En 1969, il devient galement membre du conseil prsidentiel.

En 1971, il exerce titre temporaire les fonctions de chef du conseil du peuple. En 1978, il devient prsident du conseil prsidentiel et secrtaire gnral du parti socialiste qui remplace le front national.

En 1980, il dmissionne de toutes ses fonctions pour raisons de sant. Aprs 5 annes dexil en union sovitique, il est autoris rentrer au pays et exercer ses activits politiques. Il disparat dans de mystrieuses conditions pendant les vnements du 13 janvier 1986.

 

 


 

  : 1980 1986 :

1939.

1959 .

.

1967 ɡ () 1968.

/ 1968 .

/ 1969 1969 1975 1974 1975.

/ 1971 1971 1978 ȡ / 1980 .

/ 1985 13/1/1986 .

.

 


 

Ali Nasser Mohammed: (1980-1986)

He was born in Datheena of Abyan in 1939.

In 1959, he graduated from teachers school and became the principal of Datheena school.

Since armed struggling has started against British occupation, he joined it and became a member in the military office.

In 1967, after independence, he was nominated as a ruler of Yemeni islands and as Lahj districts governor.

In 1967, he participated as a member of National Public Front Leadership.

In April 1969, he became the president.

From 1969 to 1975, he became the Defense Minister.

From 1974 to 1975, he worked as the Minister of Education.

In August 1971, he became the Prime Minister and a member in the Presidential Council beside Ismail and Rabaae.

After bringing down Rabeeas authority, Ali became the President by proxy before Ismails winning of the election for that position. Then the party has decided to held a meeting in October 1980 to depose Abdulfatah and nominating Nasser as the President, secretary-general of the party and the Prime Minister.

In February 1985, he resigned from the Prime Minister position and remained the President and secretary-general of the party until the thirteenth of January 1986, the beginning of bloody events that lasted for more than a week leaving thousands of dead people behind.

Nowadays, he is the president of the Arab Center for strategic studies which located

in the capital city of Syria Damascus.

 


 

N Datheena dAbyan en 1939

Diplm en 1959 de lcole normale il est nomm Principal de lcole de Datheena.

Il sest joint la lutte arme contre loccupation britannique depuis ses dbuts et devient membre deu bureau militaire.

En 1967, au lendemain de lindpendance, il est nomm gouverneur des Iles Ymnites et du district de Lahej.

En 1967 il devient membre du bureau directeur Front Publique National.

En avril 1969, il accde la prsidence.

De 1969 1975, il est ministre de la dfense, puis de 1974 1975, ministre de lducation.

En aot 1971 on le retrouve premier ministre et membre du conseil prsidentiel ct de Abdulfatah Ismail  et Salim Roubaya Ali.

Aprs avoir sap lautorit de Salim Roubaya Ali, Ali Nasser Mohammed   se hisse la prsidence par procuration devanant la victoire des urnes qui revient Abdulfatah Ismail. Le parti dcide alors de tenir un congrs extraordinaire en octobre 1980 pour dposer Abdulfatah Ismail  et nommer Ali Nasser Mohammed pour tenir les rnes du pouvoir en devenant la fois Prsident, secrtaire gnral du parti et Premier Ministre.

En fvrier 1985, il dmissionne de son poste de Premier Ministre mais reste prsident et secrtaire gnral du parti jusquau 13 janvier 1986 o clate une insurrection entre factions rivales du gouvernement. Le bain de sang se poursuivra une semaine durant laissant des milliers de morts derrire lui.

Aujourdhui, il est Prsident du centre Arabe dÉtudes Stratgiques situ dans la capitale Syrienne Damas.

 


 

    : 1986 1990 :

  1939.

.

1960.

.

1972.

 ] [ / 1985 .

/  1986 ] [.

22 / 1990.

 


 

Haeder Abu Baker Al-Attas (1986-1999)

He was born in Harethah of Hadramout district in 1939.

 He got a bachelor degree of electricity engineering in Cairo University in Egypt.

He participated in founding the branch of National Arab Organization in Hadramout in 1960.

He joined the National Front of liberation the south since it has started.

He was elected to be a member in the Central Committee of Yemeni socialists party and as a member of the party in the political office in February 1985. Later, he was nominated as the Prime Minister.

In February 1986, he was elected to be the president of higher people's council committee (an honored position).

He was also nominated to be the president of the first government after achieving the unification on 22nd of May 1990.

 


 

Il naquit Harethah (Hadramout) en 1939

Il obtient un bac eb gnie lectrique de luniversit du Caire en Égypte.

Il est membre fondateur de lorganisation arabe nationale en Hadramout en 1960.

Il rejoint le Front National de Libration ds sa cration

Iul est lu membre du comit central du parti socialiste ymnite et membre du bureau politique du parti en fvrier 1985. Plus tard, il deviendra Premier Ministre.

En fvrier 1986 il est lu au grade honoraire de prsident du comit du conseil des lites.

Il est galement nomm prsident du premier gouvernement n au lendemain de la runification des deux Ymen, le 22 mai 1990.

 


 

: 1986 1994 :

  1939 ʡ .

ȡ ɡ ɡ .

( ) ( ).

.

.

1966.

22 / 1969.

.

79-80 .

.

13 / 1986 ɡ .

.

30 / 1989 .

22 / 1990 / 1994 .

21 / 1994 7 / .

.

 


 

 Ali Salem Al-Beidh (1986 -1994)

He was born in Hadramout district in 1939 where he received his elementary and secondary study.

He initially joined the National Arab Organization and became one of their main individuals. He was also in charge of leading the military work in the eastern area.

( Hadramout - Almahrah) against British Occupation.

He received a number of military courses in Cairo in the 60s, stood against merging between nationalism and Liberation Front which they have faced together the British Occupation having different prospective in Revolution and Struggling philosophy to fight in the next period and declared his retreat from National Front Organization and forming alternative organization called Public Front for Hadramout liberation.

With the merging failure, he reorganized his group, which he has taken by force.

Before the Independence Day, he was the deputy of the army and security affairs in a place called temporary government.   

He was the Defense Minister in the first independent government until 1966.

He was in charge of many governmental positions in the 22nd of June movement in 1969.

He remained a member of the political office for the National Front and for socialists party.

He was deprived of partisanship and governmental positions in Abdulfatahs period of rule in 1979 and 1980 because of the partys rules violation and the law of personal affairs, which prevents marrying two wives.

He returned back to practice politics in the government of Ali Nasser and was in charge of Ministry of National Law.

When January 1986 events started, he was one of the characters that surrounded Abdulfatah and incredibly survived from death in the morning of that day in the central committee building.

He escaped hiding in an armored vehicle with Abdulfatah who was assassinated in a mysterious way while he survived.

He became the general-secretary of Yemeni socialists party after those tragic bloody events.

On the thirtieth of November 1989, he signed an agreement called Aden Agreement and the one country constitution with the President Ali Abdullah Saleh.

On the twenty second of May 1990, when Republic of Yemen has been established, he became the deputy of the Presidential Council and the general-secretary of socialists party in the south before unification.

He was the President of the Democratic Republic of Yemen from 21st of May to 7th of June 1994.

He currently lives in Oman as a Political Refugee.

 


 

N en Hadramout en 1939, o il poursuivra ses etudes primaries et secondaires.

Au dpart il rejoint lorganisation nationale arabe devenant lun des membres principal.

Il se vit attribuer la responsabilit des oprations militaires contre le rgime doccupation britannique pour le secteur est du pays (provinces dHadramaout et d Al Marah)

Il suivit des cours de formation militaire au Caire dans les annes 60 avant de se dresser contre les diffrences qui voyaient le jour entre nationalisme et front de libration qui tous deux affrontaient loccupation britannique. En dpit de leur objectif commun, leurs perspectives rvolutionnaires et leur philosophie du combat taient bien diffrentes. Il annona alors son retrait du Front National de Libration pour former une nouvelle entit, le front publique pour la libration de l Hadramout.

La sparation lobligea rorganiser son groupe o il avait pris le pouvoir par la force. Avant la proclamation de lindpendance il tait le reprsentant de larme et de la scurit au sein dun gouvernement provisoire.

Il fut ministre de la dfense dans le premier gouvernement indpendant jusquen 1966.

Il cumulait de nombreuses responsabilits gouvernementales dans le gouvernement qui naquit la suite du mouvement du 22 juin 1969

Il conserva les fonctions de membre du bureau politique du Front National et du parti socialiste

Il fut priv de collaboration et de participation au gouvernement durant la priode de pouvoir d Abdulfatah Ismail en 1979 et 1980 en raison de la violation des rgles du parti et de la loi sur les affaires personnelles qui interdisaient de prendre deux pouses.

Il fit son retour en politique dans le gouvernement dAli Nasser Mohammed o il devint ministre de la loi nationale.

Au dbut des vnements sanglants de janvier 1986, il fut lun de ceux qui soutenait Abdulfatah Ismail et chapperpar miracle la mort ce matin l dans le btiment du comit central.

Il prendra la fuite, dissimul dans un vhicule blind, avec Abdulfatah Ismail qui sera mystrieusement assassin alors que lui survivra.

Il devint alors secrtaire gnral du parti socialiste ymnite aprs ces tragiques vnements

Le 30 novembre 1989, il signe avec le Prsident Ali Abdullah Saleh  Laccord dAden  sur la constitution unique du nouveau Ymen

Le 22 mai 1990 aprs linstallation de la Rpublique du Ymen, il devint vice prsident du conseil prsidentiel et secrtaire gnral du parti socialiste au sud avant la runification

Il fut prsident de la Rpublique Populaire et Dmocratique du Ymen du 21 mai au 7 juin 1994

Actuellement il vit en Oman o il est rfugi politique.

 

 


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